The most commonly used term ‘anxiety’ is basically a feeling of fear. It is an expected part of life. People might feel anxious when faced with problems like the first day of school, college or university, going to a job interview, giving a speech to a vast crowd, paying a bill, or before making an important decision of life. You might feel anxious even in situations where there are no threats.

On the other hand, mental health is referred to as the absence of mental illness. It may include our emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It affects how do we think, feel and act. It is important at every single stage of life.

By concluding both terms, we might say that anxiety is a mental disorder and it can be expressed in lots of different ways. First, we’ll talk about some major signs and symptoms of anxiety disorder.

Signs And Symptoms:

Symptoms of this major disorder include changes in behavior such as:

  • Restlessness:

It is characterized by or showing an inability to remain at rest.

  • A feeling of dread:

It is a feeling of fear, but it can also be the desire to avoid something.

  • Irritability:

Irritability is the quality or state of irritating such as abnormal or excessive excitability of an organ or part of the body.

  • Difficulty in sleeping:

Insomnia is the ability to obtain an adequate amount or quality of sleep.

  • Difficulty in concentrating:

Is a decreased ability to focus your thoughts on something.

  • Overthinking:

To put too much time into thinking about something in a way that is more harmful than helpful.

  • Changes in appetite:

Changes in appetite refer to a desire for food or drink.

  • Heightened alertness:

Show more interest in every useful or useless thing.

  • Escaping from situations you are in:

To may leave or escape from some inner problems.

  • Dissociation:

Dissociation is a psychological experience in which people feel disconnected from their sensory experience, sense of self pr personal history.

It can even cause you to experience shaking and trembling, sweating, nausea, headache, hair loss, dry mouth, stomach aches and sickness, extreme tiredness, and rapid heartbeat. People may get pains in the stomach and tension in the neck and shoulders. However, feeling of anxiety may cause significant disorders or they attack your daily routine in a sense of feeling dizzy before doing any kind of personal work. They start to impact on your ability to do work or mentally you may start avoiding your contact with friends and family or avoiding places and situations that adverse a direct effect on your mental health.

Types of Anxiety Disorder:

There are different types of anxiety disorders. Each has different symptoms and treatments. Some examples of anxiety disorders are:

  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder:

In GAD, people may face regular or uncontrollable worries about different things happening in daily life routines.

  • Social Anxiety Disorder:

In SAD, people may experience extreme fear or anxiety by social situations such as parties, workplaces, or any situation in which they have to talk to other people. It is also called Social Phobia.

  • Panic Disorder:

In panic disorder, people face regular or frequent panic attacks. By experiencing, disorder people may feel more fear of having another panic attack.

  • Post – Traumatic Stress Disorder:

PTSD can cause flashbacks or nightmares which can feel like you’re re-living all the fears and anxiety you experienced during the event.

  • Body Dimorphic Disorder:

In BDD, people experience obsessions and compulsions related to a person’s physical appearance.

  • Health Diagnosis:

In health diagnosis, people experience obsessions and compulsions related to illness.


The two main and the most important treatments for generalizing anxiety disorders are psychotherapy and medications.

  • Psychotherapy:

Psychotherapy is basically known as talk therapy which can help people in anxiety disorder. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the most effective therapy of psychotherapy. It teaches people different ways of thinking, behaving and reacting to anxiety-producing fearful objects and situations. It also helps to learn and practice social skills which can help to cure the disorder.

Cognitive therapy and exposure therapy are two methods that are often used to treat social anxiety disorder.

  • Medication:

Medication does not cure anxiety disorder but can help to cure symptoms. Several types of medications are used to treat anxiety disorder.

Anti-anxiety medication:

Anti-anxiety medications use to help reduce the symptoms of anxiety, panic attacks, or extreme fear and worry. The most usually common anti-anxiety medications are called benzodiazepines. They provide effective in relieving anxiety and take effect more quickly than antidepressant medications often prescribed for anxiety.


Beta-blockers are most commonly used to treat high blood pressure, they can also be used to relieve the physical symptoms of anxiety, such as rapid heartbeat, shaking, trembling, and blushing.


It is an anti-anxiety medication used as an ongoing basis to become fully effective.


Anxiety disorder is a type of mental illness, and the distress they cause can keep you from carrying on with your life normally. It’s better to avoid over-thinking and try to consult your doctor thrice in a month for better results.          

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